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    • Medical Negligence
    • Women’s Health
          • Women’s Health

            We know that there is disparity in women’s health care, treatment, and support. We are committed to improving the lives of women and strongly advocating for their wellbeing.  That is why we take a stand and hold medical professionals accountable when medical care falls short of expected standards by delivering the best outcome in medical negligence claims affecting women.

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    • Hospital Negligence
          • Hospital Negligence

            We understand you may feel let down because you have experienced inadequate or negligent care and treatment in a hospital or medical facility. Your wellbeing is most important to us and we are committed to supporting you with compassion and holding medical professionals accountable for breach of duty and negligent care.

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    • Clinical Support
          • Clinical Support

            Experiencing poor or adverse outcomes from allied health treatment can be distressing and life changing. We are here to support you through your claim and it is our aim to hold allied health professionals accountable for their breach of care by delivering the outcome you deserve to your negligence claims.

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    • I need help
          • Not Sure where to start?

            Hello, I’m Jade. I’m here to help you with a quick discovery call that will help us better understand your legal concerns. This way, I can connect you with the lawyer who is best suited to assist you with your situation.

            Your well-being is important to us, and we’re here to support you every step of the way.

            Call me on 02 4050 0330 or email admin@conradcurrylaw.com.au

    • Personal Injury
          • Personal Injury

            If you have been injured because of someone else’s negligence, our specialist team of Personal Injury Lawyers is here to support you with compassion and understanding providing you with the right advice. Our team has substantial experience and expertise in these matters to deliver the outcomes you deserve from your claim.

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    • Work Injury
    • Motor Vehicle Accidents
          • Motor Vehicle Accidents

            We are here to support you and give you the clarity, guidance and the right legal advice if you have been injured in a motor vehicle accident. Our compassionate team of professionals in Personal Injury law have the technical expertise and a wealth of experience to win you the compensation you deserve.

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    • Public Liability
          • Public Liability

            Our specialist team in Personal Injury law is here to support you in accessing proper compensation if you have been injured because of someone else’s negligence. We have cutting edge expertise and experience in public liability claims to deliver the outcome you deserve.

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    • Abuse
          • Institutional Abuse

            We strongly believe that educational institutions must be held accountable when failing to protect children while in their care. If you have experienced institutional physical or sexual abuse, our specialist team in Personal Injury law is here to support you with compassion and offer our technical expertise and experience to deliver the best outcome in your case.

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    • Workers Compensation
          • Workers Compensation

            When you sustain an injury or illness because of work, you may be entitled to  compensation. Our specialist team in Personal Injury Law is here to support you with compassion and understanding with the right advice. We have substantial technical expertise to deliver the best possible outcome from your claim.

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    • School Negligence
    • I Need Help
          • Not Sure where to start?

            Hello, I’m Jade. I’m here to help you with a quick discovery call that will help us better understand your legal concerns. This way, I can connect you with the lawyer who is best suited to assist you with your situation.

            Your well-being is important to us, and we’re here to support you every step of the way.

            Call me on 02 4050 0330 or email admin@conradcurrylaw.com.au

    • Wills & Estate Planning
          • Wills and Estates

            When we provide advice on estate planning, we believe  in giving advice on options to mitigate the risks of litigation by potentially unhappy family members and protecting your assets from claims. Our legal team is here to support you and address your concerns regarding your estate planning. We have immense experience in these matters, providing you with advice and representation for your unique situation and delivering the best outcomes for your case.

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    • Powers of Attorney
    • Contest A Will
          • Contest A Will

            We have immense experience and specialised knowledge in family provision and wills disputes Where you have not been properly and adequately provided for under a will or where you suspect that the person making the will may not have had capacity or exercised their own free will, you need a lawyer with extensive experience and expertise. Our team of Lawyers will  provide you with advice and representation for your unique situation and deliver the best outcomes for your case.

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    • Probate & Deceased Estates
    • Enduring Guardian
    • Family Provision
    • I Need Help
          • Not Sure where to start?

            Hello, I’m Jade. I’m here to help you with a quick discovery call that will help us better understand your legal concerns. This way, I can connect you with the lawyer who is best suited to assist you with your situation.

            Your well-being is important to us, and we’re here to support you every step of the way.

            Call me on 02 4050 0330 or email admin@conradcurrylaw.com.au

    • Other Services Overview
          • Conrad Curry Can assist you with a variety of services

            Our solicitors are highly experienced in providing you with expert legal advice and will keep you informed every step of the way. It’s good to know that our firm is trusted and effective with a high success rate.

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    • Professional Negligence
          • Professional Negligence

            We rely on professionals in all aspects of our lives to provide us with proper advice on which to make decisions about our financial and legal affairs. When you are let down by poor advice the results can be devastating.  We are here to support you in your claim for compensation with clarity, guidance and the right advice to achieve the outcome you deserve.

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    • Malicious Prosecution
          • Malicious Prosecution

            We believe in standing up for those people who are falsely accused and prosecuted. Our experienced legal team is here to support you with compassion and provide you with clarity, guidance, and the right advice in your claim for compensation.

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    • General Litigation
    • I Need Help
          • Not Sure where to start?

            Hello, I’m Jade. I’m here to help you with a quick discovery call that will help us better understand your legal concerns. This way, I can connect you with the lawyer who is best suited to assist you with your situation.

            Your well-being is important to us, and we’re here to support you every step of the way.

            Call me on 02 4050 0330 or email admin@conradcurrylaw.com.au

    • What to Expect
          • What to expect

            We are your law firm for life. You can count on us for the best legal advice and compassionate support. We understand the challenges you are facing and we want you to know that you don’t have to navigate the often daunting process alone. We are here when you need us. Let us help you find your way forward with our empathetic and efficient approach. Contact us. You can call us on (02) 4050 0330 for a free initial no-obligation consultation or book an appointment online for an in-person consultation or an online video appointment.

  • No Win/No Fee Options

Emergency Caesarean Sections

“Too posh to push” is an expression we have heard in the media over the last fifteen years, reflecting an apparent trend in society, particularly for celebrities, to opt for elective caesarean sections (C/sections) as part of their birthing plan.

However, for many mothers, the desire for a natural vaginal birth – in a public or private hospital setting – remains a priority. The attending obstetrician, in these circumstances, may nevertheless be faced with complications during labour that indicate the need for a c/section.

Two of the most common complications are Mum’s failure to progress during either the first or second stage of labour, or the potential for foetal distress. Other complications include significant antepartum (antepartum: before childbirth) or intrapartum (intrapartum: from the onset of labour through to delivery of the placenta) haemorrhage; life threatening sepsis (where the process to vaginal delivery would take too long to remove the source of infection); and the risk of a third or fourth degree tear. With the foetus, there is also the risk of shoulder dystocia – if there is lack of progress due to poor uterine contraction and the foetus is relatively large and in a position that increases the risk.

Failure to progress in labour is becoming more of an issue with increasing foetal macrosomia (large babies) (stemming in many cases from poorly controlled maternal diabetes), because large babies are more likely to get stuck during the birthing process. According to an Australian Institute of Health & Welfare Web Report on Australia’s Mothers and Babies (2022), other factors are maternal age (56% of mothers over 40 had c-sections in 2020) and maternal obesity (46%).

C/sections are categorised in the medical profession by urgency. C/sections in an unplanned emergency setting are either a Category 1 (immediate threat to the life of woman or foetus), Category 2 (maternal or foetal compromise which is not immediately life threatening) or Category 3 (no maternal or foetal compromise but needs early delivery).

The categorisation of C/sections assists obstetricians to take into account the time required for transfer to theatre, for appropriate anaesthesia and the planning required to have staff available for resuscitation of the baby, if required. This is particularly important outside of normal hospital hours.

Category 1 C/sections require delivery of the baby as rapidly as possible but because there is the potential for added problems due to the risks of performing any surgery rapidly, it is desirable to address developing complications at an earlier stage to avoid these types of emergency settings. Most intrapartum C/sections are category 2.

There is no firm obstetric guideline on the time it should take from a decision to perform a C/section to delivery, however, based on a 2012 Australian Health Review article (Safe timing for an urgent Caesarean Section: What is the evidence to guide policy?) and various clinical audits of large tertiary hospitals, the decision to delivery interval is likely to be accepted as reasonable in Australia if it is performed within 70 minutes. Delay resulting in injury to the baby may form the basis for a claim for compensation.

Monitoring of labour usually includes a partogram (a graphical representation of progress in labour, using information from vaginal examinations) and cardiography (a tracing which shows uterine activity, time and the fetal heart rate). If labour is being actively and appropriately managed, the partogram can inform as to when action – by way of C/section – should be discussed by the obstetrician with the mother. Similarly, CTG interpretation might suggest very abnormal changes and a high risk of hypoxia and acidosis in the fetus (high amounts of acid levels in the blood), requiring action.

 

Once it is determined that the baby might be acidotic, there is a need to deliver relatively quickly as it removes the potential for ongoing hypoxic insult to the baby. An obstetrician has to weigh up the potential risks of instrumental delivery versus C/section. They may also have to consider the risk of proceeding to C/section if Mum is fully dilated. A 2014 Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology article (S.L. Seal, A. Dey, S.C. Barman, Gourisankar Kamilya, J. Mukherji) suggests that C/section in these circumstances is both technically demanding and associated with increased intraoperative trauma.

It’s clear that the considerations for C/section are complex and, like all surgery, not without its own risks. Our firm has acted in many cases where the indications for c/section have been clear and unfortunately, have not been acted upon in a timely manner.

If you would like to speak to one of our experienced solicitors, please contact us on 02 4050 0330, or book an appointment online.

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